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WOODEN FUMIGATION SERVICES CONFIRMING TO ISPM 15 FOR EXPORTS.
FUMIGATION SERVICES CONFIRMING TO ISPM 15 FOR EXPORTS.
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES NO. 15 (ISPM 15)
International Standards For Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 (ISPM 15) is an International Phytosanitary Measure developed by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) that directly addresses the need to treat wood materials of a thickness greater than 6mm, used to ship products between countries. Its main purpose is to prevent the international transport and spread of disease and insects that could negatively affect plants or ecosystems. ISPM 15 affects all wood packaging material (pallets, crates, dunnages, etc.) requiring that they be debarked and then heat treated or fumigated with methyl bromide and stamped or branded,[1] with a mark of compliance. This mark of compliance is colloquially known as the "wheat stamp". Products exempt from the ISPM 15 are made from alternative material, like paper, plastic or wood panel products (i.e. OSB, hardboard, and plywood).
ISPM 15 REVISION
The Revision of ISPM No. 15 (2009) under Annex 1, requires that wood used to manufacture ISPM 15 compliant Wood Packaging must be made from debarked wood not to be confused with bark free wood. ISPM 15 was updated to adopt the bark restriction regulations proposed by the European Union in 2009. Australia held out for approximately one year with more stringent bark restrictions before conforming July 1, 2010
   
DEBARKED WOOD PACKAGING
  Wooden crate of clementines (mandarins) from Morocco, showing the ISPM 15 logo in the lower left corner (MA for Morocco, from the French "Maroc") in 2010.

Wood packaging materials must be debarked prior to being heat treated or fumigated to meet ISPM 15 regulations. The debarking component of the regulation is to prevent the re-infestation of insects while lumber is sitting to be manufactured, or even after it has been manufactured. The official definition for debarked lumber according to the ISPM 15 Revision (2009) is:

"Irrespective of the type of treatment applied, wood packaging material must be made of debarked wood. For this standard, any number of visually separate and clearly distinct small pieces of bark may remain if they are: - less than 3 cm in width (regardless of the length) or - greater than 3 cm in width, with the total surface area of an individual piece of bark less than 50 square cm."
   
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ARGUMENT FOR BARK REMOVAL
  What are the post treatment levels of infestation (with and without bark) compared with pre-treatment levels? Overall, from the studies presented there is either: a) no significant difference between infestation levels of treated and untreated wood; or b) differences identified are related to the species of insect which may prefer treated or untreated wood. Supporting information from a North American study (IFQRG 2005-27) is summarised in the Table below (Data are numbers of beetles per cm2): Sample ISPM logo showing the MB for methyl bromide treatment of the wood.
 
Bark Size Bark Beetle (Control) Bark Beetle (HT) Bark Borer (Control) Bark Borer (HT)

25 cm2

0.01

0.0035

0.0133

0.0064

100 cm2

0.005

0.01

0.0086

0.015

100% Coverage

0.0087

0.012

0.0118

0.0137

 
IPPC certification symbol.
XX: represents the two letter ISO country code or ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 code (e.g. AU for Australia, US for United States, NZ for New Zealand, GB for United Kingdom).
00: represents the unique certification number issued to NPPOs (regulating agencies that oversee the individual wood packaging manufacturers). Inclusion of this certification number ensures that the wood packaging material can be traced back to the NPPO/auditing agency.
1111: represents the unique certification number issued to the treatment provider and/or manufacturer. Inclusion of this certification number ensures that the wood packaging material can be traced back to the treatment provider and/or the manufacturer.
YY: represents the treatment applied to the wood packaging material:
HT is the code for heat treatment to a minimum of 56°C (133°F) for a minimum of 30 minutes
MB is the code for methyl bromide fumigation.
DUN: represents the code for when the solid wood material is used for dunnage. The "DUN" Dunnage code is not applied to manufactured wood packaging, only loose lumber/timbers to help secure products being shipped.

The ISPM 15 compliant stamp may include further information as producers and suppliers may choose to include additional information for identification purposes.
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COUNTRIES PARTICIPATING IN ISPM 15
 
Although this is only a reference, confirmation with the export authority when exporting to another country is required. This is a complete list as of July 1, 2010.

Countries and their approximate ISPM 15 Adoption Date:
Argentina: June 2006 Guatemala: Sept 2005
Australia: Sept 2004; Complete Adoption: July 2010 Honduras: Feb 2006
Bolivia: July 2005 India: Nov 2004
Brazil: June 2005 Indonesia: Sept 2009
Bulgaria: Jan 2006 Israel: June 2009
Canada: Sept 2005 (US-Canada exemption) Jamaica: January 2011
Chile: June 2005 Japan: Apr 2007
China: Jan 2006 Jordan: Nov 2005
Colombia: Sept 2005 Kenya: Jan 2006
Costa Rica: Mar 2006 Lebanon: Mar 2006
Croatia: Jan 2007 Malaysia: Jan 2010
Cuba: Oct 2008 Mexico: Sept 2005
Dominican Republic: July 2006 New Zealand: April 2003
Ecuador: Sept 2005 Nicaragua: Feb 2006
Egypt: Oct 2005 Nigeria: Sept 2004
European Union: Mar 2005 Norway: July 2008
Austria Oman: Dec 2006
Belgium Paraguay: June 2005
Bulgaria Peru: Mar 2005
Cyprus Philippines: June 2005
Czech Republic Seychelles: Mar 2006
Denmark South Africa: Jan 2005
Estonia South Korea: June 2005
Finland Sri Lanka: Mar 2004
France Switzerland: Mar 2005
Germany Syria: April 2006
Greece Thailand: February 2010
Hungary Taiwan: Jan 2009
Ireland Trinidad & Tobago: July 2010
Italy Turkey: Jan 2006
Latvia United States
Lithuania Ukraine: Oct 2005
Luxembourg Venezuela: June 2005
Malta Vietnam: June 2005
Netherlands    
Poland    
Portugal    
Romania    
Slovakia    
Slovenia    
Spain    
Sweden    
United Kingdom.    
 
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